Tuesday, September 16, 2014
Saturday, September 13, 2014
|This is the earliest known manuscripts of Key's song.|
A storm raged over Baltimore Harbor in Chesapeake Bay 200 years ago this weekend. It was a rain-wrapped bombardment of Fort McHenry by British naval forces.
On board the British ship, HMS Tonnant, a lawyer called Frank by his friends and the British Prisoner Exchange Agent, Colonel Skinner were trying to arrange the release of some American prisoners. However, the British refused to allow them to return to their own ship as they had overheard some of the strategies being discussed and know the positions of the enemy.
Frances Scott Key didn't believe in the war his fledgling nation had declared on Britain. It was looking very bleak for America as the British had already burned most of the federal buildings in Washington, including the White House, and now were attacking Baltimore. He was trapped aboard an enemy ship, watching what he assumed to be the demise of his country and hearing bombs exploding all through the night.
As the skies barely began to lighten on the morning of September 14, 1812, he could just make out a flag flying over the fort--an American flag. The American victory saved Baltimore from a British takeover and spelling the beginning of the end for them as well.
Not long after his harrowing experience, Key was inspired to write about it set to the tune of a popular song of the day and entitled, "Defense of Fort McHenry." It was quickly published in the local newspaper.
However, it was not until 1931 that Herbert Hoover signed legislation to make "The Star-Spangled Banner," as it came to be called, our national anthem. Generally, only the first verse is sung, but Key wrote four verses, each ending with the words
"O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave!"
|Fort McHenry's flag is on display at the National Museum of American History. Read more about it here.|
Friday, September 12, 2014
Did you know water is an important tool in your kit of excellent teaching ideas? If you hadn't thought about it before, consider the following facts.
Water is a vital source of energy in the body.
Dehydration causes the enzyme activity in the body to slow down, causing fatigue.
When dehydrated, the blood thickens, the blood flow slows, and blood pressure increases.
Dehydration causes the body to produce more cholesterol as the body tries to prevent water loss from its cells.
Toxins and acid waste in urine intensifies due to dehydration, thus creating the perfect environment in the bladder and kidneys for inflammation, infection, and pain.
Lack of proper hydration impairs focus, as well as long- and short-term memory functions.
Dehydration can exacerbate allergies and asthma.
The normal bodily function of excreting toxins through the skin is impaired by dehydration, and makes the skin more susceptible to all types of skin disorders, including premature wrinkling and discoloration.
Encourage your students to drink water as well.
New guidelines tell us women should drink 91 ounces per day, and men should ingest 125 ounces per day.
About 80% of liquid intake should be water and other beverages, while 20% of our liquids should come from foods.
Drink a glass of water upon rising and before retiring each day.
Avoid drinking 30 minutes before until 30 minutes after each meal to avoid washing away enzymes in your mouth and digestive acids in your stomach.
Switching out just one can of regular soda with an 8 oz. glass of water daily saves you 35 grams of sugar and 140 calories.
Adding 1-2 drops of Young Living Lemon essential oil to your water gives it a refreshing taste and serves to boost immunity. However, be sure to use a glass or stainless steel container. The oil draws petrochemicals out of plastic or styrofoam containers, and you don't want to drink this. I only recommend Young Living essential oils for ingesting because of their purity levels.
Add 4-5 drops or more to taste of your favorite Young Living citrus oil and some stevia to your water for a delicious "ade."
Thursday, September 11, 2014
Monday, August 18, 2014
The games young animals play prepare them for adult life. Likewise, childhood games like I played as a child help prepare children for the demands of school. Large and small muscles develop and eye-hand coordination improve as these games are played over and over. The mastery of these games build perseverance, concentration, and a feeling of accomplishment. How many of the following games did you play? How many are enjoyed by children today?
How I loved to play jacks! I can remember sitting on the our linoleum floor in the kitchen crying with frustration, trying to master the coordination required to play this game. I was so happy when I finally conquered it! My sister and I played many an hour at home. My friend across the street from my house and I played jacks at recess with classmates many, many times. I taught my second graders to play jack on inside recess days. I started by first having them master the bounce-catch rhythm with the ball before we moved the bounce-grab-catch moves with the ball and jacks. Here are the rules.
Pick-up sticks is a game that calls for a little more fine motor skills than most 1st and 2nd graders possess. Most 3rd or 4th graders have the steadiness to master this game and possibly a few 2nd graders have the ability. This short video shows a couple of techniques for getting a stick out of the pile without moving any other sticks.
I was a lousy yoyoer, but my brother and his friends got pretty good. It sure is fun to watch someone who is a whiz at yoyoing, like these folks.
Paddle ball is not too difficult for many children. I played it a lot when I in grade school. Watch this little girl. She's like the Eveready battery bunny!
I never played marbles that I recall, but my husband has very fond memories of playing them. I don't know of any kids that play this game these days. It's a game that calls for a great deal of eye-hand coordination. Here's how to shoot a marble, here are the rules, and here are some other activities you can do with marbles.
My sister and girlfriend and I honed our cutting skills and imaginations when playing with our paper dolls. We each kept our dolls and wardrobes in a special box so they would be ready for our many play sessions with them. McCalls magazine printed Betsy McCall and her new set of clothes each month. We made up stories to use our dolls in and even drew, colored, and cut out our own costume designs for our paper dolls.